One of the major health challenges of this generation is type 2 diabetes which is why you need to know about the ICD 10 Code for Type 2 Diabetes. This code will give you the leverage of diagnosis and treatment of this condition.
The ICD 10 Code for Type 2 diabetes is E11 and this version of the code has been in use since October 1, 2018. It is the American version of the ICD 10 code for type 2 diabetes.
There is a lot more information about type 2 diabetes you need to know. These you will learn in the remaining part of this post about the ICD 10 Code for Type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes Overview
This chronic condition alters the metabolism of glucose by the human body. Glucose is one of the most important sources of fuel for the body.
Either of these two happens when type 2 diabetes occurs
- Your body resists the effects of insulin. Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas that controls the absorption of sugar by the cells
- The body does not release enough insulin. This means the body cannot maintain normal glucose level.
Once upon a time, type 2 diabetes was only related to adults. However, with the rise in child obesity, more children are diagnosed with the condition. To date, there is no established cure for the disease.
There are ways to manage the condition such as eating well, losing weight, and exercising. To further maintain blood sugar levels insulin therapy and other diabetes medications may be required.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
The signs and symptoms of this condition usually develop slowly. It is even possible to be stricken with type 2 diabetes for years without being aware. These are the common symptoms you should look out for
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Increased hunger
- Unintended weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing of injuries
- Frequent infections
- Dark patches on the skin, especially around the neck and armpits
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
As stated earlier, when the body ceases to respond to insulin or reduced levels of insulin are produced by the pancreas. Though it is unknown why this is so, several factors can be blamed. These factors include environmental and genetic factors including excess weight and inactivity.
How Insulin Works
We have already established the fact that insulin is a hormone and it is produced by the pancreas. The pancreas is a small gland which sits behind the stomach. Here is how the process works:
- Insulin is secreted into the bloodstream by the pancreas
- Insulin circulates throughout the bloodstream allowing the cells to absorb sugar.
- This function ensures that the sugar in the bloodstream is reduced maximally
- The insulin secreted by the pancreas reduces with a reduction of blood sugar levels.
Role of Glucose
Glucose, simple sugar, is the primary supplier of energy to the cells in the body. Cells are the components of the muscles and every other tissue in the body.
- The body gets its glucose from two sources, the liver, and food
- Insulin then facilitates the absorption of the sugar which is released into the bloodstream by the cells in the body.
- The liver makes and stores glucose.
- Glucose stored in the liver in the form of glycogen is released to the bloodstream when the body is low on glucose. Part of the causes of low glucose is not eating for a while. When an individual develops type 2 diabetes, this process is truncated. Sugar remains in the bloodstream instead of being absorbed by the cells. Due to this, more and more insulin is produced by the beta cells in the pancreas. Soon enough, the cells break down, leaving the body deficient of insulin.
The following put you at more risk of developing type 2 diabetes
- Being overweight
- Storage of fat in the abdomen; you are naturally supposed to store fat in your hips or thighs. If your waist circumference rises above 40 inches as a man, you put yourself at risk. In a woman, to keep you safe, your waist circumference should not be more than 35 inches.
- Inactivity or drastically reduced physical activity; physical activities helps your body use up glucose as well as control body weight.
- You are at risk if any of your family members have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
- Your race matters, even though it is medically unclear why. Black, American Indian, Hispanic, and Asian-American people are more likely to develop this condition.
- The older you are, the more prone you become to this condition. You must be wary of this and become more active from age 45.
Other factors include:
- Gestational diabetes
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome
- Darkening of the skin
Complications Arising from Type 2 Diabetes
It is very easy to ignore type 2 diabetes, which is very common as you are likely going to be feeling very fine. The problem is that the condition slowly deteriorates vital organs like the heart, eyes, blood vessels, kidneys, and nerves.
The following are among the complications that could arise:
- Blood vessel and heart disease
- Nerve damage, also known as neuropathy
- Kidney damage.
- Damage to the eyes
- Slow healing of sores
- Hearing problems
- Skin complications
- Sleep apnea
- Alzheimer’s disease
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
The best way to prevent this condition is by leading a healthy lifestyle. Even when you are already diabetic, healthy eating can manage it effectively.
Take the following preventive measures:
- Eating a healthy diet
- Become more active
- Lose excess weight
- Avoid sitting in the same position for too long. You should get up at least once every 30 minutes to move around for a few minutes.
ICD 10 Code for Type 2 Diabetes – Wrap Up
That is about it for the ICD 10 Code for type 2 diabetes. At this point, we should let you know that the code will get updated in the future. When this happens, we will be the first to let you know. Take the preventive measures prescribed above and you can be sure of a healthy life free from type 2 diabetes.